List of Tiger reserves in India

List of Tiger reserves in India

PM releases results of 4th cycle of All India Tiger Estimation – 2018 Count of Tigers in India rises to 2967 Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu showing the highest increment in management.

India is a home of 2976 tigers (as per 2018 data) which is around 70% of total tigers in the world. This is an impressive number, isn’t it? But the concern is that the numbers are uneven in all the states. We have a total of 50 tiger reserves in India and most of the tigers are in Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. As part of the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) program, India had committed to doubling the population of tigers by 2022. As India holds more than 70% of tigers in the world one can say that India is the safest place in the world for tigers.

Project Tiger:

Project Tiger is a movement initiated in India for the conservation of tigers from getting instinct. This project was started on April 01, 1973, under the leadership of Indira Gandhi. The First time it was launched was in Jim Corbett National Park, Uttrakhand. The main objective of this project was to save Royal Bengal tigers. Project tiger makes sure that the environment provided to the tigers is best for their survival and no human interference must be allowed into their habitat.

Project Tiger has been successful so far and also recognized as the Most Successful Project in the world for tiger conservation. The population of tigers has been increased by 30% in the last eight years. This remarkable growth of tigers hasn’t been easy. Significant steps have been taken in order to increase the tiger’s numbers such as human interference got restricted so that tigers can live freely. There is a total of 50 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries involved in this project. The latest park that has been included in this Project is Kamlang in the year 2016.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA)

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted for the conservation of tigers in India. It was made under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972. This authority was set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.

The structure of the Authority is such that it has eight experts having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribals. This included three Members of Parliament of whom two will be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States.  The Inspector-General of Forests, in charge of project Tiger, serves as ex-officio Member Secretary.

  • Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam is the largest tiger reserve in terms of Area.
  • Pench Tiger Reserve in Maharastra is minimum in area.
  • As per website of NTCA, Sunderbans in West Bengal has the largest number of Tigers.
  • Manas (Assam) , Similipal (Orissa), Sunderbans (West Bengal) are Biosphere Tiger reserves.

S.No. Tiger Reserve State Total Area (km2)
1 Bandipur Karnataka 1456
2 Jim Corbett Uttarakhand 1288
3 Kanha Madhya Pradesh 2052
4 Manas Assam 3151
5 Melghat Maharashtra 2769
6 Palamau Jharkhand 1130
7 Ranthambore Rajasthan 1411
8 Similipal Odisha 2750
9 Sunderbans West Bengal 2585
10 Periyar Kerala 925
11 Sariska Rajasthan 1213
12 Buxa West Bengal 758
13 Indravati Chhattisgarh 2799
14 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh 2053
15 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh 2202
16 Kalakkad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu 1602
17 Valmiki Bihar 899
18 Pench Madhya Pradesh 1180
19 Tadoba Maharashtra 1728
20 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh 1598
21 Panna Madhya Pradesh 1579
22 Dampa Mizoram 988
23 Bhadra Karnataka 1064
24 Pakhui Arunachal Pradesh 1198
26 Nameri Assam 344
27 Satpura Madhya Pradesh 2133
28 Anamalai Tamil Nadu 1480
29 Udanti-Sitanadi Chhattisgarh 1843
30 Satkosia Odisha 964
31 Kaziranga Assam 1174
32 Achanakmar Chhattisgarh 914
33 Kali Karnataka 1098
34 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh 1675
35 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu 689
36 Nagarahole Karnataka 1206
37 Parambikulam Kerala 644
38 Sahyadri Maharashtra 1166
39 Biligiriranga Karnataka 575
40 Kawal Telangana 2019
41 Sathyamangalam Tamil Nadu 1408
42 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan 760
43 Nawegaon-Nagzira Maharashtra 1895
44 Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Andhra Pradesh 3296
45 Amrabad Telangana 2611
46 Pilibhit Uttar Pradesh 730
47 Bor Maharashtra 816
48 Rajaji Uttarakhand 1075
49 Orang Assam 492
50 Kamlang Arunachal Pradesh 783