Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency diseases

Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency Diseases 

  • By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body.There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.
  • It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may lead to diseases.This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the Competetive Examination.

                           List of Nutrient Sources and their Deficiency diseases 

Nutrients Constituent Deficiency Diseases Sources
Vitamin A Retinol, Retinoic Acid, Beta-Carotene Night-blindness,Healing epithelial cells,Normal development of teeth and bones Carrots, Papaya, Milk, Cheese, Fish Liver Oil, Green Vegetables etc.
Vitamin B1 Thiamine Beriberi Brewer’s Yeast, Whole Grain, Oatmeal, Legumes, Peanuts, Dried Soybean, Sunflower Seeds etc.
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin Ariboflavinosis Beef Liver, Lamb, Milk, Mushroom, Spinach, Almonds etc.
Vitamin B3 Niacin or Nicotinic Acid Pellagra Tuna, Chicken, Turkey, Mushrooms , Bacon, Broccoli, Veal etc.
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Acne, Paresthesia Chicken Liver, Sunflower Seeds, Salmon, Avocados, Corn, Broccoli, Mushroom etc.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, Pyridoxamine Dandruff-like eruptions, Pink eye, Epilepsy Potatoes & other starchy vegetables, Fruit (other than citrus) etc.
Vitamin B7 Biotin Growth & Neurological Disorders in Infants Raw Egg Yolk, Liver, Peanuts, Yeast, Whole-wheat Bread, Cheddar Cheese, Pork etc.
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid Macrocytic Anaemia, Birth Defects Dark Leafy Greens like Spinach, Asparagus, Broccoli, Citrus Fruits, Beans, Peas, Lentils, Avocados etc
Vitamin B12 Various Cobalamins Macrocytic Anaemia, Memory Loss, Pernicious Anaemia, Mania, Psychosis, Paralysis Seafood, Beef, Chicken, Eggs etc.
Vitamin C L-Ascorbic Acid Scurvy Amla, Guava, Chillis, Kiwi, Broccoli, Orange, Papaya, Lemon, etc.
Vitamin D Calciferol (D2) & Cholecalciferol (D3) Rickets, Osteomalacia,Needed for absorption of calcium from small intestines,Calcification of the skeleton Sunlight, Mushrooms, Alfalfa, Fish Liver Oils, Cooked Egg Yolk, etc.
Vitamin E Tochopherols & Tocotrienols Red Blood Cell Destruction, Ataxia, Retinopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy, Reproductive Failure Wheat Germ Oil, Canola Oil, Sunflower Oil, Almond Oil, Hazelnuts, Peanuts etc.
Essential Fatty Acids Omega 3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid) and Omega 6 (Linolenic Acid) Several bodily processes afflicted, Skin Ailments Fish Oils, Flaxseed Oil, Hemp Oil, Olive Oil, Pumpkin Seeds, Leafy Vegetables etc.
Vitamin K Phylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2) Lack of Clotting of Blood, Lack of Tissue Renewal Green Leafy Vegetables etc.
Iron Anaemia, Arrhythmia Red Meat, Seafood, Egg Yolk, Bananas, Apple, Green Vegetables, Broccoli, Beans, Pumpkin Seeds etc.
Potassium High Blood Pressure, Arrhythmia, Muscle Weakness, Myalgia, Muscle Cramps, Constipation, Respiratory Depression, Paralysis Meat, Milk, Fruits, Vegetables, Whole Grains etc.
Calcium Osteoporosis, Hypocalcemia, Ostopenia Milk and Milk Products, Eggs, Wheatgrass etc.
Magnesium Deterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning, Heart Attacks, Insulin Resistance Nuts and Seeds, Green Vegetables, Dark Chocolate, Whole Grains etc.
Sodium Cognitive Impairment, Headaches, Nausea, Seizure, Coma, Electrolytic Imbalance Salt, Fish, Meat, Vegetables etc.
Chlorine  alkalosis Salt, Milk, Meats, Vegetables etc.
Phosphorous hypophosphatemia , rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults Meat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Milk, Bananas etc.
Iodine Goitre, Cretinism, Deterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning, Iodised Salt, Sea Food, Green Vegetables, Raw Milk, Eggs etc.
Protein Kwashiorkor Meat, Seafood, Eggs, Pulses & Legumes, Milk & Milk Products etc.
Protein-Energy Marasmus Grains, Pulses & Legumes, Meat, Milk & Milk Products, Eggs, Seafood etc.