UNESCO HERITAGES SITES IN INDIA

UNESCO HERITAGES SITES IN INDIA

  • Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh. The monolithic pillars, Buddhist monasteries and Mauryan architecture at Sanchi makes it a worthy qualifier for the UNESCO World Heritage Site laurel.
  • Commissioned by Ashoka the Great in 3rd century BC, the monuments at Sanchi are the oldest Buddhist structures in India.
  • A UNESCO World Heritage Site can be any place such as a forest, lake, building, island, mountain, monument, desert, complex or a city; which has a special physical or cultural significance. Currently there are 1092 World Heritage sites in the world. However 37 World Heritage Properties are in India out of which 29 are Cultural Properties and 7 are Natural Properties and one is named as mixed. Let’s have a look of all World Heritage Sites of India on yearly basis.

    A UNESCO World Heritage Site can be any place such as a forest, lake, building, island, mountain, monument, desert, complex or a city; which has a special physical or cultural significance.

    Currently there are 1092 World Heritage sites in the world. However 37 World Heritage Properties are in India out of which 29 are Cultural Properties and 7 are Natural Properties and one is categorised as mixed site. Let’s have a look of all World Heritage Sites of India on yearly basis.

    Year wise nomination of world heritage sites in India is as follows:

    Agra Fort, also known as “Laal Quila”, is located in Agra, India. It is tagged as world heritage site by UNESCO in 1983. The fort is about 2.5 kilometers far from the Taj Mahal. It was designed and built by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar in the year 1565 A.D . Agra was the capital of India in the ancient times. This glorious fort is built alongside Yamuna River. The 380,000 m2 (94-acre) fort has a semicircular plan. It has four gates; two of the fort’s gates are notable: the “Delhi Gate” and the “Lahore Gate.”

    The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which constructed from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. These paintings are magnum opus of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales (stories related to the life Lord Buddha). The Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.

    Ellora is an archaeological site 29 km (18 mi) north-west of the city of Aurangabad in the Indian state of Maharashtra, built by Kalachuri, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties during (6th and 9th centuries).

    The Taj Mahal is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in a vast Mughal garden that encompasses nearly 17 hectares, in the Agra District in Uttar Pradesh. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal with construction starting in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD.

Cultural Sites :

S. No Heritage Site Name Place Year
1. Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
2. Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
3. Archeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University ) Bihar 2016
4. Buddhist Monuments Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh 1989
5. Champaner – Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
6. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formely Victoria Treminus) Maharashtra 2004
7. Churches and Convents of Goa Velha Goa(Old Goa), Goa 1986
8. Elephant Caves Maharashtra 1987
9. Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
10. Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
11. Great living chola temples Tamilnadu 1987,2004
1.   Brihadeeswarar Temple Gangaikondacholapuram
2. Airavateshwarar Temple Darasuram
3. Brihadeeswarar Temple Thanjavur
12. Group Of Monuments at Hampi Ballari, Karnataka 1986
13. Group Of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamilnadu 1984
14. Group Of Monuments at Pattadakal Bagalkot, Karnataka 1987
15. Hill Forts of Rajasthan 1. Chittorgarh, Rajasthan
2. Kumbalgarh, Rajasthan
3. Ranthambhore, Rajasthan 2013
4. Amber Sub-Cluster, Rajasthan
5. Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
6. Gagron, Rajasthan
16. Historic City of Ahemedabad Gujarat 2017
17. Humayun’s Tomb Delhi 1993
18. Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
19. Mahabodhi Temple Complex Bodh Gaya, Bihar 2002
20. Mountain Railways of India 1999,2005,2008
1. Darjeeling Himalayan Railways West Bengal
2. Nilgiri Mountain Railways Tamilnadu
3. Kalka – Shimla Railways Himachal Pradesh
21. Qutb Minar and its Monuments Delhi 1993
22. Rani – Ki- Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) Patan, Gujarat 2014
23. Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
24. Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
25. Sun Temple, Konarak Puri, Odisha 1984
26. Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
27. The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, An Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement. Chandigarh 2016
28. The Jantar Mantar Jaipur, Rajasthan 2010
29. The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai Mumbai, Maharashtra 2018
30. Jaipur Jaipur, Rajasthan 2019

Natural Sites :

S. No Heritage Site Name Place Year
1. Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 2014
2. Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985
3. Keoladeo National Park Bharatpur, Rajasthan 1985
4. Manas Wildlife Santuary Assam 1985
5. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park Chamoli, Uttarakhand 1988,2005
6. Sundarbans National Park West Bengal 1987
7. Western Ghats 1. Agasthyamalai (Kerala, Tamilnadu) 2012
2. Periyar (Kerala)
3. Anamalai (Kerala, Tamilnadu)
4. Nilgiri (Tamilnadu, Kerala, Karnataka)
5. Talakaveri (Karnataka)
6. Kudremukh (Karnataka)
7. Sahyadri (kerala)
MIXED
S. No Heritage Site Name Place Year
1. Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016

State wise :

S.No State Exclusive Sites Shared sites
1. Assam 2 0
2. Bihar 2 0
3. Chandigarh 1 0
4. Delhi 3 0
5. Goa 1 0
6. Gujarat 3 0
7. Himachal Pradesh 1 1
8. Karnataka 2 1
9. Kerala 0 1
10. Madhya Pradesh 3 0
11. Maharashtra 5 1
12. Odisha 1 0
13. Rajasthan 4 0
14. Sikkim 1 0
15. Tamilnadu 4 1
16. Uttar Pradesh 3 0
17. Uttarakhand 1 0
18. West Bengal 1 1

SUMMARY :

  1. Cultural UNESCO Heritage sites in India – 30
  2. Natural UNESCO Heritage sites in India – 7
  3. Mixed UNESCO Heritage sites in India – 1